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I HNAM NIHNA AH I CHIANG EM

Posted by Moshe Ilan on April 25, 2016 at 9:10 PM

I HNAM NIHNA AH I CHIANG EM?


 

 

Khawvel ah hian hnam tin chi tin kan awm a, tawng pawh chi hrang hrang kan neih mai bak ah kan tawng dan chi pawh chi hrang tam tak a awm a ni.


 

Entirnan, hnam thenkhat ho te chuan tawng thumal an ngah vak lo va, thumal khat theuh theuh a ki emaw a thluk emaw an tih san hran deuh emawin a awmzia a danglam thei a, tin hnam thenkhat te erawh chuan thil awmze hran sawi nan tawng thumal hran thliah an nei hlawm bawk a ni.


 

Tun tum ah chuan hnam tih thumal leh a awmzia tlem a zawng sawi kan tum ang a, Lusei tawng a hnam kan tih hian eng nge a kawh a, eng chin nge a huam tih hi kan zir chian a ngai hlein ka hria.


Hnam han tih hian thil hran hran kawh leh huam zau deuh anei a, chung te chu a thliar hran dan kan hriat hran leh si loh chuan kan buaina khua a tisei thei hle dawn a ni.


 

Sawi tur tam tak awm mahse, Article a sei lutuk loh nan hnam tia kan sawi thin chi thum te chungchang sawi kan tum ang a, chung te chu, Hnam (Am / Nation), Hnam (Shevet / Tribe), Hnam hming (Shem Mishpakha / Surname) te hi an ni ang a.


 

 

AM (NATION)

 

Bible a in Giur na thu kan hmuh lar tak mai "Nangmah phatsan a kir san leh tur chein Ka thinlung min tina lui suh, I kalna apiang ah ka kala ng a, I riahna a piang ah ka riak ang a, I hnam chu ka hnam ani ang a, I P-thian chu ka P-thian a ni ang", tia Ruthi tawngkam a, Hnam tih a sawi hi hei ngei mai hi AM (Hnam) chu niin, hei hian Juda hnam nih a sawina aniin, he hnam ah hian Juda nunphung, culture leh P-thian biak dan a awm kim a ni.


 

Chuvangin, Juda nihna Judaism a in Giur a Luanglut tur te chuan he Am Yehudi nihna ah hian an in Giur thin in, hei lo P-thian hnam thlan ni tura in Giur na a awm lo a ni.


A hmasa berah Hebrew a "Am" kan tih hi sawi fiah kan tum phawtang a, hei hi hnam tia sawina thumal hman ah chuan a lian berin a fun kim ber awm e, Am tih chhung ah hian chi tin ze tin chhungkaw tin leh community hrang hrang te an lengin hetiang Am (Hnam) pakhat chhung ah hian an vaiin an tel vek thei a ni. Ram khat chhunga mi chengte sawi khawm nan te, Sakhaw khat vuan tlang sawi khawm nan te, ram hrang hrang Lal pakhat awp khawm naa mipui te sawi nan te a hman theih a ni.


 

Israel te pawh Avarahama hunlai chuan Am an ni ngai lo va, amaherawhchu, Mitsraim (Aigupta) rama an awm lai an rawn pun tak thur thur ah chuan Aigupta mite chuan Hnam (Khabaru / Hebrai) tiin an rawn ko ta mai a ni.


Chutah Israel te chu Aigupta atangin chhuakin an inlak hran hnu ah chuan "Israel-a fa te" (Benei Israel) tia koh an ni leh ta a, hetah hian Shvatim (Hnam) hrang hrang tea inkulh hrang zelin hmun khat ah Shvatim 12 te chu an awm ta zel a, Chutah Kanan ram a an rawn luh hnuin a chhunga hnam hote chu an rawn hnehlak vek hnu ah Kanan ram chu Israel ram tia koh alo ni ta a, Lal te an siam ta a, a tirah Shaul-a Lal in, a hnu ah David-a a Lal leh a, a hnu leh ah Shlomo-a a Lal leh a. An ni pathum te hi Israel hnam pum a Lal te an niin "Malkhei Am Israel" tih an ni a ni.


 

Tichuan, Shlomo-a fapa Rekhovam-a Lal tirh veleh hian Juda hnam leh Binyamin hnam nilo Israel hnam dang zawng te chu inla hrang tain Lal hran an siam ta a, tichuan, lal ram chu chi hnih in a lo piang ta a, Israel Lalram ni thin kha "Juda Lalram" (Mamlehkhet Yehuda) tih alo nita a, tin, Lalram thar rawn piang thar chu "Israel Lalram" (Mamlekhet Israel) tih alo ni ta a ni.


 

Tichuan, hun alo kal zel a, Israel Lalram ami mi cheng te chu Israel hnam mi (Israeli) tia koh an niin, Juda Lalram a cheng te pawh chu Juda hnam mi (Yehudai) tia koh an ni ta a ni. Amaherawhchu, heta Israel hnam kan sawi leh Juda hnam kan sawi hi (Shevet ni lovin 'Am' = Hnam) sawina kha a ni.


 

He Lalram pahnih te hi a tirah P-thian rawngbawl na hmun khat vuan ve ve a inthen nisi te kha Politics avangin Israel hnam lam ho Lal te chuan Moshe Rabeinu zirtirna dan chu zawi zawia hlat hret hretin milem biakna ah an tluk san ta a ni.


 

Hnam thlan leh Hnam te laka tihhran kan nih angin, Khawvel hnam dang te ang lo takin Judaism ah chuan Hnam (Am) nihna leh Sakhuana hi inbelhbawm tlat a ni a, an hunlai pawh khan Juda lalram hnam te leh Israel lalram hnam te chu khawvel hnam dangte mit hmuh ah thuhmun angin lang mah se la, an mahni leh mahni inkar ah chuan hrang tak niin Juda hote (Yehudim) chuan Israel te thil siam pawh an ei thiang lo a, an wine khawih hnu pawh an in thiang lo a ni.


 

Galut rampawna an awm lai Purim thawnthu ah pawh Binyamin hnam mi Mordechai-a chu "Ish Yehudi" (Juda mi) tia koh ani a, hei hi Hamana hmaa a kun duh loh avanga huai taka Mitsvah a zawm ngamna (Milem leh Mihring hmaa kun ngai lo) avanga Israel mi (an hunlai chuan Israel mi tih chu milem be mi tihna ang tluk) ti lova Juda mi tih hlawh ngat ani a ni.


Tichuan, Israel hnam hote Galut rampawna hnawh darh an nih hnu ah Juda Lalram chu la ding zelin a ram chhunga hnam (Shvatim) hrang hrang awm te chu Yehudim (Juda hnam mi) tih an ni ta vek a, tichuan, Mamlekhet Yehuda chu a hnu khar tu leh nakina kan nghah mashiakh pawh Juda Lal ala nih dawn avangin Am Yehudi (Juda hnam) niha chu tun thleng pawh hian kan la chhunzawm ta zel a ni.


 

Tin, an hunlai khan tunlai ang lo hian Sakhua na hian hming hran a nei ve lem lo a, Pathian biak dan tih ani mai a, chumi Pathian biak dan, chumi khami Pathian chu tih a ni thin a, (Sawi zau duah rih lo mai I la).


 

Hun alo kal zel a, khawvel ah mi chi hrang hrang ten Sakhuana thar an rawn din chhuak ta zel a, tichuan, khawvel mil ang chuan Juda hnam ah pawh chuan hriat hranna rawn siam chhuah angai ta a, amaherawhchu, Siam chawp sakhua ni lovin, Avrahama'n a zawn chhuah P-thian ngei chuan Thlaler ah a (Avrahama) thlahte hnen ah zawm tur dan thu a rawn pek ang chuan Juda hnam te chu an nung ta a, tichuan, chumi mila an nitin nun ze hman chu Sakhuana ang deuha sawi ta in chu chu Yehadut (Judaism) tih alo ni ta a, hei hi anihna tak ah chuan Sakhua na ani lo va, Juda hnam nihna ti chiang / nemnghet tu ani zawk a ni. (entirnan; Sofer mitasek basifrut, Oman mitasek baomanut, Yehudi mitasek bayehadut…;)


 

Tunlai thleng pawh hian Juda mi dik tak Israel ram khua leh tui ni bawk chu Yehudi (Juda mi) tih an ni a, amaherawhchu, Israel ram khua leh tui nihna nei ve tho sakhaw hran vuan hnam dang ho te chu Israeli (Israel mi) ti chuahin an ko thin a ni.


 

SHEVET (TRIBE)

 

Shevet hi pawl hung khat sawina ani ber a, tunlai ah pawh school ah emaw, thalai pawl din ah te a chhunga peng zar pawl sawi nan te pawh an la hmang. (Entir nan Benei Akiva ah te pawh chumi veng ah chuan Shvatim 4 awmin Snif (Branch) khat an siam a ni).


 

Amaherawhchu, a lo chhuahna bul ber chu hmanlai pawl thuang khat emaw, chhung khat emaw, tih dan ze phung khat nei ho emaw koh leh sawi nan an hmang thin a, chutiang ang chuan Israel te zing ah pawh Jakob-a fapa te zing atangin Shvatim (Hnam) hrang hrang an lo chhuak a, chutiang zing ah chuan keini pawh hi Shevet Menashe (Menashe hnam) kan lo ni ta a ni.


He hnam sawina (Shevet) ang ah hian Mizo te zing ah pawh hnam hrang hrang a awm ve a, hetiangin; Tochhawng, Vanchhawng, Pachuau, Chhakchhuak leh a dang dang te..


 

Amaherawhchu, Mizoram pum mipui te pawh hi India ram citizen nihna ah chuan Nation (Am) tih tur ni awm tak ni mahse, Official a chutianga dah ala ni lo a, Tribe (Shevet) tia koh an ni a ni. Hei hi a rampum huapa Lal pakhat lalna hnuaia rampum ala awm loh vang nge, hmanlai Lal te ho kha King (Ram Lal) nihna title nei an awm lo a, Chief (Hnam Lal) chauh an nih hlawm anih vang pawh ani maithei a ni.


 

 

SHEM MISHPAKHA (SURNAME)

 

Hei hi hnam hming tiin kan sawi liam mai thin a, hnam hming ni lovin Chhungkaw hming tihna ani a, hnam hming ani tur ani tia ngai tlat an awm thin a, ram dang a an awm hun in an buai phah thin. Mizoram chhung ah chuan hei vang hian buaina kan tawng ngai lem lo vang, amaherawhchu, khawvel ram dang zawng ah chuan chhung tin hian chhungkaw hming neih theuh tur ani a, chu an chhungkaw hming chu an mahni hming bik (Private name) khan a zawm tur a ni a, chu chu an identity card hrang hrang ah chutiang chuan a chuang tur a ni. Hei hi hming inhriat pawlh emaw lohna tur atana tih ani deuh ber awm e.


Mizoram ah pawh chhungkaw thenkhat chuan hei hi thil hran anih zia an hrethiam ve tan nual tawh a, chhungkaw awmthei deuh te chuan an pa (pasal) te hming chu an chhungkaw hming ah an hmang ve mai thin a, hetiangin; Lal Riliani Hawla… ti te in.


 

Mizoram ah chuan mizo te chuan an chhungkaw hming (Surname) atan hian an hnam hming (Tribe) kha an hmang ta thin a, chuvangin, chhungkaw hming tih pawh hi Mizoram chhung ah chuan a awmzia hria an tam viau lo maithei a ni. Mahni Hming leh hnam hming an ziak kawp ta thin a, chu chu an tihdan phung anih avangin keini Benei Menashe te zing ah pawh chutiang anga hnam hming la pu zui chu an awm nual bawk.


Hei hi theih ni tho mahse kan awmna ram tawng leh leili azir hian kan bona rama kan hnam hming thin tih dalna a ngai an awm nual bawk. A chhan chu, naupang te deuh chhuan khat na leh chhuan hnihna pang atang pawhin lam hlei thei lo leh ziak hlei thei lo an tam ta hle a, hetiangin; Pachuau – Patsau tia lam leh ziak, Kawlni – Kolani tia lam leh ziak, Chhakchhuak – Tsaktsuk tia lam leh ziak, Lhungdim – Lungadim tia lam leh ziak, Hmar – Hamar tia ziak leh lam te leh a dang tam tak sawi tur a awm nual ta mai a, kan duh emaw duh lo emaw, chhuan khatna atang pang pawha mizo hnam hming an lam dik lo ta anih chuan chhuan thumna leh li na vel atang chuan loh theih lohvin a ki a mak tawh viau dawn a ni, tin thil lo awm tawh te a zira hetianga hming dangdai put vanga nakina kan naute la inkiltawih theihna leh enhran an la tawh theih palhna lak ah hnam hming kher ni lova chhungkaw hming siam thar hi a tih chi zawk ang em? Tih chu zawhna awm thei tak a ni.


 

Hetah hian chhungkaw hming ah chuan Tawng thianghlim ngei mai, Lalpa P-thian in a Zawlnei te a biakna tawng hmang emaw, Israel fa ten Aigupta rama an sal tanna hmun ah pawh Hebrai tawng ngei maia an hming inphuah luih tlat avanga Lalpa P-thian in a chhanchhuahna chhan tawng ang khera phuah chu thil tha leh duhawm ni mahse, tawng dang Mizo tawng pawhin a phuah thian tho va, (entirnan; Zoram, Vohbik, Mawi…etc'), amaherawhchu, Lam leh ziah theih ngei nise a tha viau awm e, tih thu mai ani in, Shem Mishpakha hi Hnam hming ani lo va, Mahni chhungkaw hming bik sawina mai a ni.


 

Hmanlai pi leh pu te khan chhungkaw hming an nei ngai lem lo va, amaherawhchu, hriat hran an nih theihna tur erawh chuan pate hming an sawi tel thin a ni, hetiangin; Rabi Shimon Bar Yokhai (Yokhai-a fapa Rabi Shimon-a) ti te in.


Tin, Juda ho te pawh chuan hnawhdarh an nihna ram ah ram dang mite angin, chhungkaw hming te chu an rawn pu tan ve ta a, a then chuan an pa an pu te hming ang te hetiangin; Avraham, David, etc'.. . A then chuan an hnathawhna hming ang te, hetiangin; Zaltsman (chi khur a thawk), Goldman (Rangkachak chher naa thawk)… A then te chu an nihna ang zia a zira phuah te, hetiangin; Saadia (mi rethei te chaw pe thin), tin an awmna hmun a zir tein hetiangin; Mizrakhi (Middle east a cheng te), Tsarfati (French ram mi) etc'…


 

Tin, Juda mi thenkhat a bikin Cohen mi te, Levi hnam te leh Menashe hnam te hian an hnam (Tribe / Shevet) hming ang hi Surname atan an pu nual bawk.


 

Eng le khaw le Mizo tawng hi a thumal a tlem em avang hian hetiang hnam sawina hrang hrang te hian awmze hrang nei vek hlawm mahse HNAM tia thumal pakhat a kan bur bun vek avang hian kan buaiin kan hnam nihna ah chiang ta lo fe fe kan awm ta nual niin a lang a, Juda hnam nihna te (Am hayehudi), Menashe hnam nihna te (Shevet Menashe), Mizo hnam nihna te hi thil hran leh awmze hran nei vek an ni tih hi hriat a thain a finthlak hle a ni.


 

Tichuan, keini chu rampawn ah hnawhdarha hruai chhuah kan niin, kan nihna pawh hre tawh lovin kum sang hnih chuang mi ram ah vak vaiin kan lo khawsa ve tawh thin a, kan bona ram ah chuan tu hnam te pawhin eng tiang pawhin an duh duh danin min lo kovin, min lo ruat pawh ni mahse, tun ah chuan kan bo hmaa kan awmna ram kan pi leh pu te hnena Lalpa P-thian in a lo pek ngei mai ram ah inhre chhuakin kan kir leh tawh a, bo kan ni tawh lo va, kan bona rama kan buaina ah khan buai buai a tul tawh lo va, kan hnam nihna Menashe hnam (Shevet Menashe) kan nih kan inhre chhuak tawh a, kan hnam nihna Juda hnam (Am Hayehudi) ah Safek (rinhlehna) zawng zawng laka fihlim nan in Giur in, Hnam hming (Shem Mishpakha) thar te pu in thlamuang takin Khawvel pum a rorel tu tur Juda te Lal Mashiakh chu nghak diai diaiin i leng za zawk ang u.


 

 

*Sikum (Khaikhawmna):


 

~ Yehudi = Am Yehudi, Juda hnam P-thian thupek zul zui Torah dana nung tih na, (miin Shevet Yehuda a tih kher loh chuan AM/Nation sawina ani tih hriat tur).


 

~ Menashe hnam = Shevet Menashe, kan inhriatchhuah hnu leh kan bo hmaa kan hnam.


 

~ Mizo Hnam – Kan bo lai leh kan bona ram hmuna hnam hrang hrang te sawi khawmna hnam hming.


 

~ Sailo, Ralte etc'.. = kan bo laia kan hnam hming ho te.


 

~ Mishpakhat Menashe, Ilan, David, Sela, Rei, etc'.. = Juda hnam kan nih kan in hriatchhuah hnua kan chhungkaw hming thar.

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* Tisha Beav zana Juda te Beit Kneset chhunga Kinot bu chhiara an lo tap a hmuhin Nepoleon-a chuan "Hetianga mahni hnam nunphung culture ngaisang a, hre reng a, kum sang hnih hnu ah pawh la tahpui thei hnam chu hnam fing niin in zung bul in culture anga nung leh turin in la ding chhuak ngei ang" alo tih ang in, tun ah bo nihna ata kan inhre chhuak tawh a, kan nun phung leh hnam nihna dik tak kan Culture chu Juda Hnam (Am Hayehudi) kan nihna chu ani a ni. Ka lawm e..

Categories: Article, History, Judaism

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